Alternative Fuels

Transit agencies are increasingly looking to alternatives to traditional fuels to lower emissions and improve the air quality and environment.  The resources in this topic guide will assist them with planning, decisionmaking and funding.


National RTAP Resources

National RTAP/FTA Low No Emissions Program Grant Writing webinar, 2018

National RTAP Used Oil Recycling: Getting Extra Mileage Out of Your Motor Oil technical brief, 2019

National RTAP Rural Transit Zero-Emission Vehicle Deployments: Collaborating with your Electric Utility webinar, 2019

National RTAP Zero Emission Transition Twitter chat, 2019


FTA Resources

FTA's Low or No Emission Vehicle Program 5339(c) webpage includes information on the FTA grant and technical assistance webinars and reports

FTA’s Zero-Emission Bus Evaluation Results: King County Metro Battery Electric Buses evaluation compared three electric buses to a hybrid fleet, diesel fleet, and trolley fleet, 2018

Additional Resources

Alternative Fuels Data Center's Public Transit web page shows availability of different types of alternative fuel public transit vehicles, and provides case studies, videos, and publications

American Public Transportation Association's (APTA) Public Transit Leading in Transition to Clean Technology, 2019

Carnegie Mellon University's Which Alternative Fuel Technology is Best for Transit Buses, 2017

Drive to Zero's Zero-Emission Technology Inventory is an interactive online resource for commercially available offerings of zero-emission vehicles

Eastern Transportation Knowledge Network's (ETKN) Transportation Sustainability Guide provides a number of resources on fuels and emissions

EBP US, Inc.'s Supporting Rural Communities Through Clean Transportation Investments, 2020

Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) State and Local Transportation Resources webpage contains regulations, guidance and calculators

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) CMAQ Emissions Calculator Toolkit, 2020

Frontier Group, PIRG and Environment America’s Electric Buses Clean Transportation for Healthier Neighborhoods and Cleaner Air, 2018

ICF International's Small System Alternative Fuel Strategies Guidance Document, 2017

International Council on Clean Transportation's Update on electric vehicle costs in the United States through 2030

National Association of Fleet Administrators's (NAFA) The Changing Fuels Market: What Alternative Fuel Vehicles Mean for Fleets, 2019

National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) On-Road Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles EvaluationTechnology Maintenance Readiness Guide for Zero-Emission Buses, and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Driving and Fueling Behavior, 2019, Financial Analysis of Battery Electric Transit Buses, 2020, and bus evaluation publications

N-CATT/CTE's Hydrogen as a Transportation Fuel in Rural Communities, 2020

NCHRP's Zero Emission Vehicles: Forecasting Fleet Scenarios and their Emissions Implications, 2019

Propane Education & Research Council's Propane Autogas Roadmap and article in Busride: Considering Refueling with Propane Autogas or Recharging with Electric? Here’s What to Know, 2019

TCRP's Battery Electric Buses—State of the Practice, 2018

US Department of Energy's (DOE) Alternative Fuels Data Center Public Transit Vehicles webpage provides statistics, case studies, reports, videos and presentations 

US PIRG's Paying for Electric Buses provides case studies of how agencies have fund


DISCLAIMER: The resources provided in each topic guide are not an exhaustive survey of every available resource on each topic. If you would like to add a resource to a Topic Guide, please email info@nationalrtap.org..

Thank you to the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) for assistance in selection of resources for this topic guide.


Updated February 24, 2021