Alternative Fuels

Transit agencies are increasingly looking to alternatives to traditional fuels to lower emissions and improve the air quality and environment.  The resources in this topic guide will assist them with planning, decisionmaking and funding.


National RTAP Resources

National RTAP/FTA Low No Emissions Program Grant Writing webinar, 2018

National RTAP's Used Oil Recycling: Getting Extra Mileage Out of Your Motor Oil technical brief, 2014


FTA Resources

FTA's Low or No Emission Vehicle Program 5339(c) webpage includes information on the FTA grant and technical assistance webinars and reports

FTA’s Zero-Emission Bus Evaluation Results: King County Metro Battery Electric Buses evaluation compared three electric buses to a hybrid fleet, diesel fleet, and trolley fleet, 2018

Additional Resources

Carnegie Mellon University's Which Alternative Fuel Technology is Best for Transit Buses, 2017

Center for Transportation and the Environment's (CTE) Battery Electric Buses 101 presentation from APTA Sustainability Workshop, 2017

Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) State and Local Transportation Resources webpage contains regulations, guidance and calculators

Frontier Group, PIRG and Environment America’s Electric Buses Clean Transportation for Healthier Neighborhoods and Cleaner Air, 2018

ICF International's Small System Alternative Fuel Strategies Guidance Document, 2017

National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fuel Cell Buses in U.S. Transit Fleets, 2017 and bus evaluation publications

TCRP's Battery Electric Buses—State of the Practice, 2018

TCRP's Quantifying Transit’s Impact on GHG Emissions and Energy Use—The Land Use Component, 2015

US Department of Energy's (DOE) Alternative Fuels Data Center Public Transit Vehicles webpage provides statistics, case studies, reports, videos and presentations 

Thank you to the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) for assistance in selection of resources for this topic guide.


Updated July 17, 2018